Parliament House was known before 1989, initially under the name People's House, then House of the Republic. Located on Arsenal Hill, the building has a maximum size of 275 on the ground 235 meters, height of 84 meters (above zero) and the ground floor building area covers about 66,000 square meters. The palace has 12 stories, about 1,000 rooms, and the developed area is approximately 365,000 hectares. Parliament House is included in the "Guinness Book of Records" under "Administrative Building", in second place in the world after the Pentagon. To achieve the construction and interior fittings were used approximately one million cubic meters of marble Ruschita, 5500 tons of cement, 7,000 tons of steel, 200,000 cubic meters of glass and 220,000 m² of carpet. The building can be seen from anywhere in Bucharest and the roof you can see the Carpathians and the Danube.

History

Senate appeared on the political scene in our country at the initiative of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza in 1864, when Romanians were delivered through a plebiscite, the value of a constitutional document - "developer status of the 1858 Paris Convention." Statute provide for the establishment, with the Assembly of Deputies, a new Parliamentary chamber, the Senate. First Romanian Senate has functioned as a "balancing body, having the role of balancing factor between the state powers. He was then composed of members of law (the heads of church and public authorities) and members appointed by the ruler (county representatives and senior officials of the state.)

 

The Constitution of 1866, the Senate became a body elected by vote cenzitar (electoral system under which citizens had the right to vote only to obtain certain annual income), but also included several members of law: the heir to the throne and church leaders. At that time, two persons from each county were elected to the Senate for eight years, half of their number being renewed every four years. Also, the universities of Bucharest and Iasi were entitled to choose one's own representative in the Senate.

 

Under the 1923 Constitution, the Senate and Chamber of Deputies have become representative bodies elected by universal suffrage. The Senate consists of senators wars was right - religious representatives, people who have achieved important public office - and senators elected for a term of four years. Some senators were elected by direct universal suffrage, electoral constituencies, while others were elected by local councils, the professional chambers (commerce, industry, labor and agriculture) and teachers of universities in Bucharest, Iasi, Cluj and Chernivtsi.

 

King Charles II imposed in 1938, a new Constitution, which introduced a system of authoritarian monarchy, amid profound internal political tensions and external threats. The new Constitution has provided, along with Senators of law - who were also members of the royal family - a group of senators appointed by the king and one of the senators elected on a corporate system (the electorate was divided into three categories, criterion work - agriculture and manual labor, trade and industry, intellectual occupations). Under the royal dictatorship, the Parliament has become a decorative body, deprived of its main tasks. Senate executive power was subdued, and the king deciding major issues by decree-laws.

 

After the establishment of military dictatorship regime in autumn 1940, the work of the Assembly of Deputies and the Senate adjourned. Under pressure from Soviet and Communist forces, the Senate was abolished by a decree in July 1946. Parliament was reorganized into a single legislative body, the Assembly of Deputies, an institution that has been transformed by the 1948 Constitution, the Grand National Assembly, a body subordinate to all communist power.

 

Revolution of 1989 opened the way for Romania to return to a genuine democratic system based on free elections and political pluralism, human rights, the separation of powers and accountability of the rulers before the representative bodies. In spring 1990, the Senate was reestablished, thus marking the country's return to the tradition of the bicameral Parliament, truly representative, in compliance with the rule of law. On 20 May 1990 have been freely and democratically elected Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, which functioned as the Constituent Assembly, whose mission is to develop a new constitution, approved on 8 December 1991 by national referendum. In October 2003, the Constitution was revised to reconcile its provisions with the new socio-political realities and imperatives of European integration.

 

The Senate is today, along with the Chamber of Deputies, one of the two Houses of the Parliament of Romania.